Person Who Has Not Drawn The Cheque Cannot Be Prosecuted U/s 138 NI Act Even In Case Of Joint Liability: Supreme Court

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The Supreme Court observed that, even in case of a joint liability, in case of individual persons, a person other than a person who has drawn the cheque on an account maintained by him, cannot be prosecuted for the offence under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act.

"A person might have been jointly liable to pay the debt, but if such a person who might have been liable to pay the debt jointly, cannot be prosecuted unless the bank account is jointly maintained and that he was a signatory to the cheque.", the bench comprising Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah observed.

In this case, the original complainant, a lawyer, raised a professional bill for the legal work done by him to represent a couple in the legal proceedings.

The cheque issued by the husband got dishonoured. The lawyer filed a complaint against both the accused – husband and wife for the offence punishable under Section 138 of the NI Act.

According to him, it was the joint liability of both the accused to pay the professional bill as the original complainant represented both the accused.

The accused wife approached the High Court seeking to quash the criminal complaint filed against her mainly on the ground that she was neither a signatory to the cheque dishonoured nor there was a joint bank account.

This petition was dismissed by the High Court.

In appeal, the Apex Court bench, referred to Section 138 of the NI Act, and observed that before a person can be prosecuted, the following conditions are required to be satisfied: i) that the cheque is drawn by a person and on an account maintained by him with a banker; ii) for the payment of any amount of money to another person from out of that account for the discharge, in whole or in part, of any debt or other liability; and iii) the said cheque is returned by the bank unpaid, either because of the amount of money standing to the credit of that account is insufficient to honour the cheque or that it exceeds the amount arranged to be paid from that account.

The bench rejected the contention of the complainant that the complaint against wife-accused is maintainable as the cheque was issued towards discharge of legal liability of both the accused. The court observed:

"Therefore, a person who is the signatory to the cheque and the cheque is drawn by that person on an account maintained by him and the cheque has been issued for the discharge, in whole or in part, of any debt or other liability and the said cheque has been returned by the bank unpaid, such person can be said to have committed an offence. Section 138 of the NI Act does not speak about the joint liability.

Even in case of a joint liability, in case of individual persons, a person other than a person who has drawn the cheque on an account maintained by him, cannot be prosecuted for the offence under Section 138 of the NI Act.

A person might have been jointly liable to pay the debt, but if such a person who might have been liable to pay the debt jointly, cannot be prosecuted unless the bank account is jointly maintained and that he was a signatory to the cheque."

Section 141 NI Act cannot be made applicable to the individuals

Yet another contention was that the accused can be convicted with the aid of Section 141 of the NI Act is concerned. Rejecting the said contention, the court said:

Section 141 of the NI Act is relating to the offence by companies and it cannot be made applicable to the individuals.

Learned counsel appearing on behalf of the original complainant has submitted that "Company" means any body corporate and includes, a firm or other association of individuals and therefore in case of a joint liability of two or more persons it will fall within "other association of individuals" and therefore with the aid of Section 141 of the NI Act, the appellant who is jointly liable to pay the debt, can be prosecuted.

The aforesaid cannot be accepted. Two private individuals cannot be said to be "other association of individuals". Therefore, there is no question of invoking Section 141 of the NI Act against the appellant, as the liability is the individual liability (may be a joint liabilities), but cannot be said to be the offence committed by a company or by it corporate or firm or other associations of individuals.

The appellant herein is neither a Director nor a partner in any firm who has issued the cheque. Therefore, even the appellant cannot be convicted with the aid of Section 141 of the NI Act.

Observing thus, the bench allowed the appeal and quashed the complaint against the accused (wife).

Case: Alka Khandu Avhad vs. Amar Syamprasad Mishra [CrA 258 OF 2021]
Coram: Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah
Citation: LL 2021 SC 146


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दुष्कर्म के नाम पर चल रहा था वसूली का खेल, महिला SI सस्पेंड: Delhi Police

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Will District Magistrate look after Child Welfare ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code Bill 2021: amendments for small businesses

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can daughter in law drive out father-in-law from family property?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can your brother and Sisters have claim over your property ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are women safe at home?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
A woman is raped every 5 hours, 10 mins in Delhi

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Centre sets speed limit for vehicles in Delhi, heavy fines for over speeding

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Law and Covid

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you ready to die peacefully

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
DO YOU HAVE WILL TO WALK ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
सवाल: मकान मालिक या किरायेदार... किसे फायदा पहुंचाएगा केंद्र का नया कानून, जानिए प्रमुख बातें

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Do you want to earn huge money?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
WhatsApp पर तीन रेड टिक? नहीं, सरकार आपके मैसेज, कॉल रिकॉर्ड नहीं कर रही है

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you next victim of Spy Groom war?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
काम की बात: क्या नॉमिनी ही होता है उत्तराधिकारी? जानिए क्या कहता है नियम और क्या हैं इनके अधिकार

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
My father passed away without a will. Who has legal rights to his property?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Get paid without insurance for Covid death

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
News You Can Use.

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
कोरोना में पैरेंट्स को राहत:सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने कहा- स्कूल चलाने का खर्च कम हुआ, इसलिए ऑनलाइन क्लासेस की फीस घटानी चाहिए

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Big Day: Big News

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
रेमडेसिविर की कालाबाजारी में प्रख्यात न्यूरो सर्जन सहित 3 गिरफ्तार, इंजेक्शन की बड़ी खेप और 36 लाख रुपये बरामद

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you ready?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can winking and Blowing kisses land you in Jail ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Setback for Britannia Industries as Delhi HC junks trademark infringement plea against ITC Limited

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
नोएडा, गाजियाबाद से दिल्ली में लग रहे जाम पर सुप्रीम कोर्ट हुआ सख्त, जारी किया नोटिस

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
UNHOLY HOLI, Will Holi land you in Jail ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
क्रिप्टोकरेंसी को सरकार ने किया स्वीकार! कंपनियों को देना होगा हर लेन-देन का हिसाब

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Reservation more than 50 per cent is need of hour: Maharashtra

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
आईटीआर में खामी रह जाने पर इनकम टैक्स 7 तरह के नोटिस जारी करता है, जानिए इनका मतलब

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Didda Copyright Row: दिद्दा कॉपीराइट विवाद पर मुश्किल में कंगना, कोर्ट के आदेश पर एक और FIR दर्ज

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
फैसला: सुप्रीम कोर्ट ने किराएदार पर लगाया एक लाख का जुर्माना, अद्भुत मामला दिया करार

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
चेतावनी! 15000 रुपए का कटेगा चालान और 2 साल की होगी जेल, अगर गाड़ी में किया यह काम

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Oyo lost arbitral battle

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
पत्नी कोई गुलाम या संपत्ति नहीं, पति के साथ रहने के लिए मजबूर नहीं किया जा सकता- सुप्रीम कोर्ट

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
किसी को शादी के लिए झूठा वादा नहीं करना चाहिए, चाहे पुरुष हो या महिला: सुप्रीम कोर्ट

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
How to jump the corporate ladder by selling Gossip at 15 Crore ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
सुप्रीम कोर्ट की बड़ी टिप्पणी: जीवनसाथी की प्रतिष्ठा को ठेस पहुंचाना मानसिक क्रूरता के समान

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
सुप्रीम कोर्ट की बड़ी टिप्पणी: जीवनसाथी की प्रतिष्ठा को ठेस पहुंचाना मानसिक क्रूरता के समान

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
पिता की संपत्ति में मिलता है बराबरी का हिस्‍सा, हर बहू-बेटी को पता होने चाहिए अपने ये अधिकार

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
उत्तराधिकार पर सुप्रीम कोर्ट का बड़ा फैसला, महिला का मायका पक्ष भी परिवार का हिस्सा

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Act beyond Act: CSR

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
स्किन से स्किन टच के बिना सेक्सुअल असॉल्ट का मामला नहीं... हाई कोर्ट के इस फैसले के खिलाफ महिला आयोग सुप्रीम कोर्ट पहुंची

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Decriminalisation of the Limited Liability Partnership Act

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Budget 2021: Key changes in GST to help small and medium- sized businesses

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
1 to 5 crore loan without colletral made easy: Budget 2021

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Is GST is becoming a headache for you.

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Moment of rare pride

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
बिहार पुलिस के सर्कुल ने बिहार प्रेस बिल की याद दिला दी है

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Italy court orders Facebook to pay $5 million in damages for copying app

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Foreigner To Deposit Cash Amount For Bail

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
How legal is COVID-19 vaccine ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
WhatsApp's private chat leaked on Google, anyone can read your personal talks

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Do you know 18 must Laws for every Indian?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Why should I trust you or your business?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Do you need clearance from your RWA to employ your maid?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
क्या तलाकशुदा पत्नी घरेलू हिंसा अधिनियम के तहत निवास के अधिकार का दावा कर सकती है?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
SC grants Woman's Right to Residence Under the Domestic Violence Act

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Corporate War: Cookie King who fought with TATA and Ambani

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
HINDU MARRIAGE ACT : DIVORCE GRANTED TO HUSBAND ON THE GROUND OF MENTAL CRUELTY CAUSED BY WIFE

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Facebook love or chat can land you in Jail

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Financer can take way Car in case of payment default

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
18000 Crore Company, 8000 Crore personal worth, wife & sons living in street

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Do you love your wife and children?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
When the second marriage of a married woman / man becomes an offense under section 494

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Is Rhea Chakraborty guilty?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Daughters have equal right in ancestral property

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Is second wife entitled for share in Property?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
How to save your hard-earned wealth from legal hassles?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
What will happen to property of Hindu after his death?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you safe at home?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can sex with your own wife land you in jail ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can you land in jail for sharing Obscene Message online in private?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Legally speaking who discovered America?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
47 years old legal dispute finally decided

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you a victim of Covid-19 Goonda Raj? Part-2

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Are you a victim of Covid-19 Goonda Raj ?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can RWA stop your maid from coming to your home?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Can you escape Contractual Obligation under Covid-19?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Coronavirus: Is vaccine found for India Inc?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Is Wife Entitled to Maintenance Even If She Runs A Business & Earns Income?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Who will pay rent for lockdown period?

Supreme Court, Joint Liability, Section 138, Negotiable Instruments Act, debt jointly, DY Chandrachud, MR Shah, NI Act, High Court,  Justices DY Chandrachud and MR Shah, 4c Supremelaw International, International Advocate, International Lawyer, Supreme Court Advocate, Supreme Court Lawyer, Best Advocate in India, Best Lawyer in India, Ajay Kummar, Law Partener
Legal consequences of being whatsapp group admin

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